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Plume simulations

Effluent plumes are predominantly governed by the effluent's own inertia and tides, that is, the gravitational influence of the moon on the earth's waterbodies. Wind conditions and precipitation may alter plume dynamics. However, if thermal plumes are considered, then wind may just be a mitigating factor, facilitating surface heat exchange. Therefore, a conservative assessment is frequently readily available with the streamlined data input of the form above. Likewise, precipitation, as mitigating, diluting and cooling, factor, is, particularly in the GCC region, tertiary for evaluating regulatory compliance.

As tidal dynamics have already been incorporated into the Gulf model, merely the effluent jet's momentum is to be identified for an initial assessment. The 3D SMART model's AI iteratively adapts the flow rate to open source satellite images. Of course, one can also simply enter an assumed flow rate into the form. Other dominant factors for plume dilution, the waterbody's horizontal shape and bathymetry, as well as the bottom roughness, are represented by existing 3D meshes and boundary conditions.

Results of computer fluid dynamic simulations are then run through the symbolic, or rule based, AI to ID compliance and, if any, impact to habitability. That is, is rapidly converging to offering you far superior and near instantaneous environmental impact assessments.

Outlook: besides steadily refining existing simulations, we will gradually incorporate sediment transport modeling. However, please note that the AI's, or rather expert system's, applicability is constrained by standardization of all required input data. For effluent plumes of e.g. pollutants or heat, as well as dredging sediment plumes, this is accomplished with remote sensing, that is, the processing of satellite images to ID e.g. required input bathymetry and jet magnitude.

Wave, wave agitation, shoreline evolution, and medium to long term climate simulations require dedicated modeling. Note, dedicated modeling takes far longer than above streamlined effluent cases. It is advisable to consult the relevant modeler(s) prior to designing project schedules.